Celiac disease is a form of digestive disease which has the ability to damage your small intestines. It also blocks the absorption of nutrients and minerals from your own food. Malnutrition and the lack of ability to absorb the essential nutrients needed by your body are its common symptoms. This type of disease usually occurs when your body cannot endure gluten.
Gluten is a special form of protein which is normally found in wheat, rye and barley. Its organic components are 7% hydrogen, 15%-18% nitrogen, and 58% carbon. Part of the digestive system is your small intestines where your villi are located. When your digestive system reacts with gluten it responds by destroying or damaging some of the micro villi inside your intestines. Without villi a person then becomes malnourished regardless of the amount of food he or she eats. Too much malnutrition affects the present and future development of your body. It then lowers the immune system of your body which makes it more susceptible to viruses and other form of illnesses.
When nutrients required by the body are not properly absorbed this may lead to malnutrition. It is hazardous for children to experience this kind or disease since it can delay their mental and physical development such as deferred puberty, short build. It also limits the body’s capabilities in terms of physical activities.
Other terms for celiac disease are gluten sensitive enteropathy, nontropical sprue and celiac sprue. Celiac disease is genetically inherited. The symptoms of this type of disease however vary from one person to another. It affects people differently. Normally celiac disease becomes active or triggered after a severe emotional stress, childbirth, pregnancy, surgery, and viral infection.
Bloating pain in the abdominal areas, excessive constipation, constant diarrhea, pale skin, extreme weight loss, and immoderate vomiting are frequent symptoms of celiac disease in infants and children. Digestive problems are also common for children below 8 years old. Irritability in addition is an indication of this type of disease.
For adults, unexplained iron-deficiency anemia is one of the several indications of celiac disease. It is then followed by bone or joint pain, bone loss or osteoporosis, scourge sore inside the mouth, over fatigue, manic depression or anxiety, early signals of dermatitis, recurrent miscarriage or infertility for women, missed menstrual periods, abnormal seizures, and stinging numbness both in hands and feet. Untreated celiac disease may even lead to cancer and liver disease.
A gluten-free diet is the best advised treatment to prevent you from having celiac disease. There are several processed products available in the market which is already gluten-free to suit your diet. Some patients who experience surgery are advised to check on the lists of foods to prevent the problem with gluten.
The abnormal immune reaction of the body towards gluten however is the reason why it affects people indifferently. It will then depend on how the body deals with gluten. Celiac disease is a near case to those who have a problem of lactose intolerance.