Celiac disease is a condition in which patients are unable to digest gluten, a protein found in wheat and similar substances, including barley. Just like people with food allergies react to certain foods, people with celiac disease have an inflammatory reaction to gluten, which can damage their small intestine and the villi that line it.
Celiac disease can have a number of implications, so it is best to diagnose and treat this disease as early on as possible. In most cases, this disease starts showing symptoms in the early stages of its infancy, so you can diagnose and treat it effectively. If it is left untreated, it can cause severe damage to the small intestine, which can be hard to recover from.
The main problem with celiac disease is that, there is no cure that can completely get rid of the problem. Celiac disease can best be controlled, but it cannot be eliminated. The best treatment of this disease is a celiac disease diet. This is a diet which consists only of gluten-free foods, so the body does not have an adverse reaction to any ingredients. It is best to talk to a doctor or a dietician who can guide you toward a gluten-free diet, so that you can live a healthy life.
Gluten-free diet can be hard to follow because so many things have gluten in them. However, if such a diet is not followed, it can cause irreparable damage to your digestive system and you may have to suffer forever. A diet without gluten will help your small intestine heal after some time, and your symptoms will either go away or decrease.
In some cases, a celiac disease diet may not work, because the intestines have been damaged beyond repair. In such a case, even eliminating gluten may not be helpful because no matter what, the damage done to the intestine cannot be repaired. Also, sometimes patients can unknowingly consume gluten leading to further damage.
There are some experimental treatments which are still under their trial period. Doctors are working to develop a combination of enzymes, which can help control celiac disease and can allow patients to consume foods with gluten. Similarly, there are proteins which can be administered to the patient which can help break down gluten in the body, and allow the intestines to work properly. Experiments are also underway to produce genetically engineered wheat species, which are free of gluten.